Dr. Gloria Mendizabal-Piedra MD

(305) 823-2433

3986 W. 16 Avenue | Hialeah, FL 33012

Everything You Need To Know About Heat-Related Illness This Summer

Heat Illness

In Miami, Florida the summer season is abnormally hot, humid, and intense. For vacationers looking for a getaway, the Florida sun is worth flocking from all over the country for. For us residents, the heat can be overwhelming. Heat-related illness is more common than you probably think, and it’s important that you take the proper precautions when spending time in the sun.


Here is everything you need to know about heat-related illness this summer:

What is Heat-related Illness?

Heat-related illness is just as it sounds, the exposure to abnormally high temperatures or prolonged amounts of heat and humidity, making Florida the ideal place for this type of illness. There are 3 types of heat-related illness — heat cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Heat-related illness symptoms often take place during overexertion and inadequate fluid intake while in extreme heat conditions.

Heat Cramps

The least serious form of heat-related illness is heat cramps. To sum up, heat cramps range from mild to extremely painful muscles cramps and spasms. Muscle cramps usually take place during or after an intense workout or sweat session in the heat.

Heat Exhaustion

Heat exhaustion, the second most severe form of heat-related illness, is the result of water and salt loss in the body. This illness occurs when a person is exerting themselves in extreme heat, sweating, and not replenishing their fluid or salt intake. This results in the body not being able to cool down properly. Due to their high sodium, sports drinks are very popular. They replenish the boy’s fluids and restore electrolytes. If heat exhaustion is left untreated, it can progress to heat stroke.

Heat Stroke

The most serious heat-related illness is heat stroke. Once the body has entered a state of exhaustion and has become overwhelmed by the excessive heat, a heat stroke can occur. A heat stroke is a life-threatening illness. If you ever suspect you are having a heat stroke, call 911 or visit a doctor immediately.

Heat-Related Illness Treatment

Depending on which of the 3 illnesses you are experiencing, treatment will vary slightly. For all heat illnesses, it’s absolutely crucial that you stop participating in the activity, go inside, or to a cool place, and rest. If wearing excess clothing, remove it and use cool cloths or ice packs to decrease your internal temperature. Of course, consume a cold sports drink, like Gatorade, that contains high amounts of salt and sugar.


If you are experiencing heat cramps, have someone massage the muscle and release the tension. Stretching will also be a great relief. If you are in a state of heat exhaustion and have seen no improvement, go to the emergency room. You will be given fluids intravenously.


Lastly, if you are having a heat stroke and are able to drink, consume cool fluids, place ice packs on your armpits and groin area, and use an excess amount of cold water to cool the skin. Call 911 immediately, this life-threatening illness needs to be treated by a doctor.


Heat-related illnesses are serious conditions and can develop into a life-threatening medical emergency. If you or a loved one are ever experiencing symptoms of heat cramps, heat exhaustion, or especially heat stroke, visit a doctor and receive the proper care. GMP Medical is located in the heart of Florida — Hialeah and our experienced doctors know how to care for you and your family during the summer. Give us a call today. (305) 823-2433

July 19, 2018 12:37 pm
Categories: Family Health