How to Prevent & Treat Diabetes in Older Adults
Diabetes Mellitus is an age-old disease going way back into the times of the ancient Egyptians. It continues to wreak havoc on the lives of people today. The trend for this will continue as the constant availability of fast food and sedentary lifestyles remain the options for the general populace. The most vulnerable for this is the growing demographic of older citizens who may not have had the luxury to take care of their blood sugar during the earlier years.
The Start of Disease
Diabetes Mellitus has two types: Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 is an inborn defect of insulin production, while Type 2 is more of an insulin resistance brought about by high levels of blood sugar over time (where the insulin is incapable of exerting its effect of directing the glucose out of the bloodstream and into the cells). Lifestyles like lack of exercise and fast food consumption have been heavily linked to the development of diabetes mellitus.
Due to the advent of modernization and globalization, a lot of conveniences have been developed that made manual labor a thing of the past. These conveniences, like instant noodles, cars for transportation, and washing machines, prevent the average individual from getting the usual amount of exercise or she needs to maintain an optimum level of blood sugar.
Blood sugars are a vital yet often ignored aspect of health during the middle years. The continuance of these behaviors sets the ground for older adults to have Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with its sequelae of complications. The best way to prevent the formation of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in old age starts with a good blood sugar level maintenance. This is ideal just before you hit the senior years along 60 years old and above.
This can be done by practicing good healthy lifestyles such a diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, and lean meat as well as a minimum exercise allocation of at least 30 minutes per day for 3 times in a week. Practicing these healthy measures greatly reduce the risk of diabetic complications such as diabetic neuropathy and cataracts.
Treating Diabetes Mellitus in Old Age
If Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 has already set in, treatment must be initiated to ensure that blood sugar levels are maintained at acceptable levels without causing untoward hypoglycemic episodes. The adoptions of healthy practices mentioned above still apply here with the extra consideration that complications may arise. To treat Diabetes Mellitus requires a holistic approach that includes the use of pharmacologic drugs such as Metformin. It may also even require possibly even insulin injections to maintain optimum blood glucose levels.
Complications include cataracts, diabetic optic neuropathy, diabetic peripheral neuropathy as well as other major conditions like co-morbid hypertension, diabetic nephropathy, stroke and myocardial infarction. This must be brought to the attention of a medical specialist who will create a customized treatment plan to tackle manifestations. Call GMP Medical today. We can help.
May 5, 2017 5:24 pm