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Dr. Gloria Mendizabal-Piedra MD

(305) 823-2433

3986 W. 16 Avenue | Hialeah, FL 33012

The Ultimate Guide to Allergy and Asthma Care

Asthma Inhaler

About 1 in 12 people have asthma, rounding out to about 25 million. Often, allergies and asthma go hand-in-hand, making the disease even more difficult to live with. Asthma is a disease of the bronchial tubes, which is the passageway for air to go in and out of the lungs. There are different types of asthma, allergic asthma is one of the most common.

Read on for the ultimate guide to allergy and asthma care:

What is Allergic Asthma?

Allergic asthma is when a specific allergy, whether it be pollen, peanuts, or mold, triggers an asthma attack. Of the 25 million Americans who suffer from allergies, many of them are also fighting allergies.

During normal breathing, air is taken into the nose, through the windpipes, and into the bronchial tubes. Alveoli, tiny air sacs at the end of the tubes, deliver oxygen into the blood and rid the body of carbon dioxide. The muscle that surrounds the airways are relaxed and air moves about easily. During an asthma attack that is not the case.

There are three things that classify an asthma attack:

  1. The muscle around the bronchial tubes tightens into a narrow canal. This is known as a bronchospasm.
  2. The lining of the airway swells.
  3. The cells that line the airway produce mucus thicker than normal.  

These three factors all contribute to an asthma attack, which can be triggered by allergies.

Symptoms of Asthma

Some people with asthma can go days, even weeks, without an attack. Others experience the life-threatening attack daily. The most common symptoms of asthma are frequent coughing, shortness of breath, wheezing, easily exerted, trouble sleeping, and chest pain, tightness, or pressure. Symptoms vary in type and also in severity.

Allergy and Asthma Care

If your asthma attacks are being brought on by something as simple as allergies, you will still need medical treatment for the disease. There are a few ways doctors treat asthma, all of which of prescribed medications. The drugs used for asthma care are bronchodilators, anti-inflammatories, leukotriene modifiers, and immunomodulators. We know, that sounds like gibberish. Let me break it down for you:

  • Bronchodilators: This medication relaxes the muscle bands surrounding the airway. Instead of tightening, the medication opens the airway and allows more airflow in and out of the lungs. These types of medications simultaneously clear excess mucus from the lungs. Bronchodilators are very effective during an asthma attack.   
  • Anti-inflammatories: These kinds of asthma drugs reduce swelling and mucus production in the airway, resulting in a less sensitive airway that is stronger against external triggers, like allergies. Anti-inflammatories are taken daily and are used to control asthma.
  • Leukotriene modifiers: Leukotrienes are chemicals naturally produced in the body. The chemical causes the airway to tighten and produce mucus. Leukotriene modifiers limit these symptoms, resulting in improved airflow.
  • Immunomodulators: Immunomodulators are the ideal drug for allergy and asthma care. This medication prevents allergens from triggering asthma attacks. Immunomodulators are administered through injection and are only given the patients with confirmed allergies.

Allergies on their own are frustrating and painful, coupled with asthma, they can be life-threatening. Take the proper steps and visit a doctor for allergy testing and asthma care. GMP Medical is located in Hialeah, Florida and we are dedicated to taking care of you and your family. Give us a call today. (305) 823-2433

 

June 19, 2018 11:15 am
Categories: Allergies