Dr. Gloria Mendizabal-Piedra MD

(305) 823-2433

3986 W. 16 Avenue | Hialeah, FL 33012

Your Guide On How to Read an EKG

how to read an EKG

Did you know that 33 percent of adult men have some heart disease? During Men’s Health Month, it’s crucial for you to learn how to read an EKG. If you or someone you know run into any cardiovascular issues in the future, you’ll know what these test results mean.

Researchers have found that men are twice as likely as women to have a heart attack. Traditional risk factors that men are more likely to experience include high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and a higher body mass index. It’s possible for you to develop heart diseases without being aware it’s even happing. Avoiding these risks is where an EKG becomes useful to detect heart problems and monitor the heart’s status to prevent severe health issues.

How To Read an EKG

To interpret an EKG, you must learn how to read the components correctly. The goal of EKG readings is to detect heart problems and monitor your heart’s status. If anything is detected, your healthcare provider will come up with a treatment. An electrocardiogram records the electrical signals in your heart. The machine records the signals across numerous heartbeats, and then produces an EKG strip that is then interpreted by a professional.

EKG Readings

The features used in reading EKGs are waveform components. These waveforms are labeled P, Q, R, S, T, and U. The waveform components indicate electrical events during a heartbeat.

reading EKD

The P Waves – This is the first small upward movement of the tracing. It indicates the atria are contracting and pumping blood into the ventricles.

The QRS Waves – Normally beginning with a downward deflection. The QRS complex represents ventricular depolarization and contraction.

The PR Waves – This indicates the transit time for the electrical signal to move from the sinus node to the ventricles.

The T Interval – Usually a modest upwards waveform representing ventricular repolarization.

Reading EKG Strips

EKG paper is a grid where time is calculated along the horizontal axis. Voltage is then measured along the vertical axis. Heart rate can be simply calculated from the EKG strip. When the rhythm is constant, the heart rate is 300 divided by the number of large squares between the QRS complexes. Memorization and pattern recognition will be required in order to read EKG strips. There are EKG practice drills, so you can get comfortable with how to read EKG strips.

Be Aware Of Your Health

The first step to preventing yourself from running into any cardiovascular issues in the future is seeing a doctor. If you think you may have high blood pressure or any risks that could lead to a heart attack, visit a doctor today. GMP Medical is dedicated to enhancing your health and well being, and want to assist you with all your health needs. Contact us today at (305) 823-2433 to request an appointment for an EKG reading to ensure your heart is healthy and happy.

May 29, 2019 3:10 pm
Categories: Family Health